The spots in the dog’s eyes are an indication of excessive tearing, but not only. Let’s see how to solve this little problem
Sometimes spots form in the dog’s eyes , just below the lower lids, but what are they due to?
Sometimes they are of a brownish color almost reddish and are mainly due to the tearing of the dog.
They are easily noticed in dogs with white coats such as the Maltese, the Poodle or the Bichon à poil frisé that produce more tears than other dog breeds.
This excessive tearing causes the eye contour to always remain moist, becoming a dangerous proliferation point for fungi and bacteria.
The spots in the dog’s eyes are not a simple cosmetic problem but there is a lot more to know.
Therefore it is important to go to the vet immediately to understand the causes and proceed with the most suitable therapy.
Spots in the dog’s eyes: epiphora
You have probably never heard of it but epiphora is a fairly common condition and causes the spots in the dog’s eyes.
It means that the dog produces a lot more tears than it should with the consequence that the eyes are always moistened and stains form.
The dog tears so profusely because it has blocked tear ducts and this means that we are probably in the presence of a disease or inflammation.
This is why it is so important to contact the veterinarian for a specialist visit , it is the only way to know with certainty the cause of the epiphora.
Before prescribing a treatment, the doctor must do the necessary tests to identify the presence of an infection or an allergy, another cause of excessive tearing.
But it could also be a foreign body that got into Fido’s eyes causing a reaction.
For this type of health problems, the veterinarian usually prescribes a therapy based on antibiotics but if this is not enough, he can resort to surgery.
There is a particular type of operation called flushing by which it can clear the dog’s tear ducts so that the secretions return to normal.
How does nutrition affect
Another possible cause of the spots in the eyes of the dog is the incorrect diet or, in some cases, a change of diet that is too fast which causes a decompensation in the dog.
L ‘ diet is key to the health of Fido, we will never stop repeating it, and this particular dog’s reaction is proof.
In practice, if the vet excludes the epiphora, excessive tearing can be caused by a diet that is too rich in proteins.
Each case must be evaluated individually and the vet must be good at tracing the exact cause of this dog condition.
When spots form in your dog’s eyes due to the diet and the type of food we give to Fido, some precautions must be taken.
First of all, red meats could be eliminated for a period , preferring white meats or even better fish .
At the same time we could move from the industrial diet to the home one, or in any case to foods that are free of cereals.
When this problem is due to nutrition, it may take months before you see the first results, so don’t despair if after a few weeks you still see spots in the dog’s eyes.
Other factors that cause the spots in the dog’s eyes
We have seen that the spots in the dog’s eyes can result from the obstruction of the tear ducts ( epiphora ) or from an incorrect diet.
But the causes sometimes depend on other factors such as the dog’s age or the breed’s predisposition to profuse tearing.
In the first case, age affects both puppies and older dogs, but for different reasons.
When puppies , for example, grow permanent teeth in place of baby teeth, the tears become more acidic and it is common for spots to form under the lower eyelid.
In older dogs it is a bit different because at that age the tear ducts become clogged more easily than in young dogs and this is how Fido tears more and stains are created in the dog’s eyes.
In addition to age, the specific breed of Fido can also affect, with its specific characteristics and a particular conformation of the muzzle.
Just think of dogs like the Chihuahua or the Poodle, in general all dog breeds that have very large and protruding eyes .
These specimens tear a lot because due to the conformation of their eyes they are unable to contain secretions.
Basically they are born already predisposed to the epiphora without necessarily having the lacrimal ducts blocked or unable to drain the liquid.
That annoying hair in front of the eyes
Spots are a common problem in dog breeds that grow very long hair right on their eyes.
Just think of the Schnauzer, the Portuguese Water Dog, the Brie Shepherd or the Lhasa Apso.
They have such long hair on their eyes that one wonders how they can see well!
Since these are particular breeds – and we know how much some owners care about preserving their characteristics – many have always refused to shorten this hair.
On the one hand not to change the typical appearance of the dog itself and on the other because the false belief has spread that this hair protects the eyes from the sun’s rays, when it is not exactly true!
It is natural for a dog that never has eyes exposed directly to sunlight to have a greater reaction when they are released.
A question of “habit”, therefore, which is not linked to the fact that these breeds are particularly sensitive to light.
Since hair that is too long on the eyes often causes irritation and even the brownish spots mentioned above, it is best to shorten it from time to time to avoid these problems.
Spots in the dog’s eyes: how to get rid of them
The spots in the dog’s eyes can be easily eliminated but it is always better to rely on the advice of the vet rather than rely on DIY.
Your vet will give you several options to take care of Fido’s eye hygiene and prevent irritation and other annoying (and dangerous) health problems.
As always, prevention is better than cure , so if Fido is already predisposed to excessive tearing it would be advisable to clean his eyes daily.
Just a soft and clean cloth moistened with warm water to pass very gently around the eyes (never inside!) Or a cotton pad impregnated with warm chamomile.
Chamomile has the advantage of soothing the affected area but also of preventing the proliferation of bacteria .
If we have a white-haired dog, the spots in the eyes can be a bit difficult to get rid of completely.
To bring back this pure and clean hair we can use a specific whitening shampoo suitable for this type of dogs.
The important thing is to use the product at least once every two weeks and no more, because in the long run it could dry out the hair and damage Fido’s skin.
Finally, to clean the stains in the dog’s eyes, we can use a cotton pad or clean gauze soaked in 3% boric water.
The boric water – which must be strictly indicated by the veterinarian – not only allows you to sanitize the eye area but also has a strong stain removal power so the hair quickly returns to its original color.